Πέντε πολύ αποτελεσματικές διδακτικές πρακτικές… από Το ημερολόγιο ενός δασκάλου

Ό,τι αναφέρω παρακάτω είναι κλεμμένο από αυτήν την ανάρτηση. Προφανώς υπάρχουν κι άλλες αποτελεσματικές τεχνικές, αλλά εγώ θα αναφερθώ μόνο στις συγκεκριμένες. Αν και κλεμμένο το κείμενο δεν είναι πιστή μετάφραση. Έχει τη δική μου πινελιά. Οι συγκεκριμένες πρακτικές έχουν το πλεονέκτημα ότι δεν απαιτούν χρήματα από τον κρατικό προϋπολογισμό και ότι εφαρμόζονται σε όλα τα μαθήματα. Έχουν το μειονέκτημα ότι είναι αθόρυβες. Δε θα βγεις στα κανάλια ούτε θα βραβευτείς από κανέναν επειδή τις εφαρμόζεις. Δε θα σου πουν ότι καινοτόμησες. Δε θα αναγνωρίσει κανένας τον κόπο σου. Δε θα τις δεις σε καμιά εκπαιδευτική μεταρρύθμιση. Για την ακρίβεια, δε θα καταλάβει κανείς ότι τις χρησιμοποιείς…

1. Η πρώτη είναι απλή. Όταν ξεκινάς να διδάξεις κάτι καινούριο, λες στους μαθητές τι θες να διδάξεις, ποιοι είναι οι στόχοι, πώς μπορούν να τους πετύχουν. Διδάσκεις πρόσθεση κλασμάτων; Τους λες ότι θα μάθουν να προσθέτουν κλάσματα. Διδάσκεις τα επίθετα ο συνεχής-ής-ές; Τους λες ότι θα μάθουν να τα κλίνουν και να τα χρησιμοποιούν μέσα σε προτάσεις. Δεν είναι δύσκολο. Το δύσκολο είναι να συνηθίσεις να το κάνεις. Θέλει λίγη εξάσκηση, λίγο πείσμα και όλοι μπορούμε να τα καταφέρουμε.
2. Και η δεύτερη είναι απλή: συζητήσεις στην τάξη. Είτε γιατί πολλές φορές οι μαθητές μαθαίνουν καλύτερα από τους συμμαθητές τους είτε γιατί τα ίδια τα παιδιά συμμετέχοντας στον διάλογο εμπεδώνουν καλύτερα αυτό που ήδη ξέρουν είτε, τέλος, γιατί με αυτόν τον τρόπο ο εκπαιδευτικός ελέγχει τι γνωρίζουν τα παιδιά. Αυτονόητο είναι πως για να λειτουργήσει αυτή η πρακτική πρέπει οι μαθητές να μη φοβούνται πως θα κάνουν λάθος. Δεν είναι κι εύκολο, αξίζει όμως να προσπαθήσουμε για να το πετύχουμε. Και φυσικά πρέπει να έχουμε διαρκώς τον νου μας γι’ αυτούς που κρύβονται. Αυτοί κι αν είναι δύσκολοι να μπουν στη συζήτηση…
3. Ανατροφοδότηση. Η ανατροφοδότηση έχει 2 πτυχές: από τον εκπαιδευτικό προς τον μαθητή και το αντίστροφο. Ο μαθητής πρέπει όσο το δυνατόν πιο συχνά να μαθαίνει την πρόοδό του. Δεν εννοώ να ακούει ένα απλό «Μπράβο!» ή ένα «Πολύ καλά!». Η ανατροφοδότηση πρέπει να είναι συγκεκριμένη. Λ.χ., στην προπαίδεια: «Έχει μείνει μόνο η προπαίδεια του 8 να μάθεις. Από ό,τι έχω δει σε δυσκολεύει το 7Χ8 και το 8Χ8. Μπορείς να τα επαναλάβεις στο σπίτι σου πολλές φορές μέχρι να τα μάθεις. Υπομονή θέλει και θα τα καταφέρεις!». Εξίσου σημαντικό είναι να υπάρχει το κατάλληλο κλίμα στην τάξη, ώστε ο μαθητής να νιώθει άνετα να ανατροφοδοτήσει τον εκπαιδευτικό. Μπορούμε να αντλήσουμε πολύτιμες πληροφορίες με αυτήν την πολύ απλή μέθοδο. Το μόνο που απαιτείται είναι να μας εμπιστεύεται ο μαθητής.
4. Διαμορφωτική αξιολόγηση. Αν διάλεγα να χρησιμοποιήσω μόνο μια πρακτική θα διάλεγα αυτή. Πιθανότατα η καλύτερη πρακτική κι από τις πέντε. Για να μπορείς να ανατροφοδοτήσεις σωστά τους μαθητές πρέπει να ελέγχεις διαρκώς με ποικίλους τρόπους τι ξέρουν. Οι δυσκολίες είναι δύο: χρειάζεται από την μια μεγάλη εφευρετικότητα από τον εκπαιδευτικό για να δημιουργεί νέους τρόπους αξιολόγησης κι από την άλλη δεν είναι και το πιο εύκολο πράγμα να ψάχνεις τα λάθη σου. Οι αναστολές είναι πολλές και πολλές φορές πρέπει να παλέψεις σκληρά για να τα παραδεχτείς και να μην ρίξεις τις ευθύνες σε γονείς και παιδιά.
5. Μεταγνώση. Αυτό κι αν είναι σημαντικό… Να μάθει ο μαθητής να στοχάζεται πάνω σε ό,τι κάνει, να σχεδιάζει, να οργανώνει, να παρακολουθεί τις ενέργειές του και τις σκέψεις του. Είναι κάτι που διδάσκεται, άσχετα αν συνήθως στο ελληνικό σχολείο αγνοείται η έννοια.
ΠΗΓΗ: http://imerologiodaskalou.blogspot.gr/2015/06/blog-post_25.html

New #EdTech Flipboard Magazines and Resources

http://www.dlgwaea.org/blog/new-edtech-flipboard-magazines-and-resources

10 Digital Tools Every Teacher Should Learn How to Use Over the Summer

10 digital tools for teaching

You’ve reached the time of year that EVERY teacher dreams of from the first day of school: summer break. Now, as you pack your bags and head for that beach vacation and some quality “you” time…

 Don’t forget that another school year is quickly approaching. Yes, you should take some time off, but you should also prepare for the new year by learning some new tools.

Trust me, you’ll have plenty of time to finish that pina colada in your hand…

Each of these tools can help you in some way in the classroom, whether it’s just getting organized or making assessments easier and data more relevant.

Digital Tools for Teaching – Tool #1 – Google Drive

I know, I know. I keep beating this one over your head. But you need to know how to use the set of tools that make up Google Drive. Docs, Sheets, and Slides in particular have so many uses inside the classroom and out. You don’t need to be an expert, by any means, but you should know how to use these tools. Google Forms can be the answer to so many questions about assessments and data if you just take a few minutes and learn how to use the app and the add-ons available (Flubaroo, anyone?)

Spend some time this summer getting to know Google Drive and I promise your teaching life will get just a little bit easier.

Digital Tools for Teaching – Tool #2 – Evernote

As much as I love Google Drive for document creation, I love Evernote as the keeper of all things and my digital brain. I use it to upload student work (thanks Scannable), save project and lesson ideas I find on the Internet with the Web Clipper, organize my conference notes, keep track of PD certificates, share conference notes, share project notes, share entire notebooks with other teachers, keep my car insurance cards handy, the list goes on and on.

I get how many people don’t know what to do with Evernote when they first start using it because it’s such a powerful tool and is completely customizable to each person that uses it. How you use Evernote is different from how I use it, which is why it’s such a great tool. Spend some time this summer getting to know Evernote. If you need some ideas, here’s a few to get you started.

Digital Tools for Teaching – Tool #3 – Kahoot!

Of all the different tools I’ve used in the classroom, NONE of them have been a bigger hit with my students than Kahoot!. A simple assessment tool, Kahoot! adds a fun twist to the standard clicker interaction with a game show style. With the ability to add your own images and even videos, Kahoot! is a great way to engage your students in what might otherwise be a really boring activity.

Did I mention that you get tons of data for each quiz you run as well? Yep, that’s pretty cool, as well. You can see how each student did and how the class did as a whole and learn what concepts they are locked in on and what concepts you might need to go back and review or reteach. Good stuff.

Digital Tools for Teaching – Tool #4 – Canva

If you ever create any sort of images for your classroom or have students that do so, Canva is the tool you need. Even if you are just wanting to make some really AWESOME looking slides for a presentation or a lesson, Canva makes graphics that you would normally need a very expensive software program to make.

Heck, they even offer lesson plans written by teachers that show you and your students how to use Canva to add some flair and pizazz to projects (all while learning some valuable skills that might come in handy later in life) that are free for you to use.

I’ve been using Canva since they launched (have you noticed the graphics on this blog?) and honestly don’t know what I’d do without it at this point.

Digital Tools for Teaching – Tool #5 – Voxer

Voxer is a digital walkie talkie app that not only lets you communicate in real time, but also stores all the messages you send and receive. There are 2 reasons you need to know how to use this tool. Reason #1 is that there are a number of “Voxer chats” that have sprung up around the teaching community that you can join and actually TALK to people, which is nice. You can also set up chats with teachers in your school and/or district, so it’s a great way to extend PD beyond school walls.

Secondly, you can use Voxer as a tool for students to communicate with you when they need help outside of school. No more sitting around, frustrated about a math problem or that darn thesis statement for a paper. Now, a student can simply send you a question and you can answer at your leisure, or immediately if you’re able.

Voxer is a great tool that you should add to your digital arsenal.

Digital Tools for Teaching – Tool #6 – Socrative

Yes, I know that I’m throwing a lot of assessment tools at you. I believe that teachers need to assess and they need to assess more often, and I’m not talking about giving more quizzes and tests. I want to know what my students know just about every day and I need tools that will help me do just that.

Socrative is a great tool that not only allows you to create quizzes in advance, but to ask questions on the fly. You can use the “Quick Question” option or the “Exit Ticket” option to gather responses from your students quickly, even if you didn’t know the question you wanted to ask before you walked into school that day.

Plus, the Socrative Garden is a place where you can find assessments other teachers have made that you might find useful, many of which are aligned to Common Core standards.

Digital Tools for Teaching – Tool #7 – Plickers

Another assessment tool, but this one isn’t quite as digital as some of the others, but it’s still pretty stinking cool and works REALLY well. With Plickers, your students use a card with a code printed on it. They can respond with one of four answers. You scan the answers with an app on your phone and BOOM! instant formative assessment.

And, Plickers often works better than other tools due to it’s simplicity. You only need one device (yours) and you can come up with questions on the fly. You keep your students engaged and you are assessing constantly.

Digital Tools for Teaching – Tool #8 – ZipGrade

I’ve tried several different digital grading tools and I have to say, ZipGrade is KING. First, they have several different forms that you can use from 20 questions up to 100 (I used it for a final exam in Algebra 1 and LOVED it). And they offer the forms in not only a PDF format but a PNG format so you can embed the forms in another document if you wanted.

Again, this tool is more about the data it collects than anything else. You get reports of each student, class averages, and a question by question breakdown, all invaluable information if you’re trying to figure out what your kids know and don’t know.

Digital Tools for Teaching – Tool #9 – Twitter

Twitter is the digital PD tool of choice for every connected educator. If you’re not on the Twitter bus by now, you really should be. From following the best and brightest minds in education to connecting with other leaders in your own state and region, Twitter is the place for teachers to be at to share ideas.

Find a chat in your local area (Here’s a list of all the chats we know about) and join in!

Digital Tools for Teaching – Tool #10 – Flipboard

Another great tool that teachers can use to collect ideas and share them is Flipboard. Now available on the web, iOS, and Android, Flipboard lets you curate articles, images, and more from around the web. You can follow magazines from others and create your own magazines.

Heck, you could even create your own digital textbooks as a magazine and share them with your students!

I know I’ve thrown a lot at you in this post, but if you can take just one of these tools and fully implement it in your teaching over the next year, you’ll be amazed at how your life will change.

– See more at: http://pikemalltech.com/digital-tools-for-teaching/#sthash.HmZmRScS.dpuf

http://pikemalltech.com/digital-tools-for-teaching/

15 CHARACTERISTICS OF A 21ST CENTURY TEACHER

teaching in the 21st century

Recent technological advances have affected many areas of our lives: the way we communicate, collaborate, learn, and, of course, teach. Along with that, those advances necessitated an expansion of our vocabulary, producing definitions such as digital natives, digital immigrants, and, the topic of this post – “21st century educator“. As I am writing this post, I am trying to recall if I ever had heard phrases such as “20th century teacher” or “19th century teacher”? Quick Google search reassures me that there is no such word combination. Changing the “20th” to “21st” brings different results: a 21st century school, 21st century education, 21st century teacher, 21st century skills – all there! I then searched for Twitter hashtags, and the results were just the same; nothing for the “20th century teacher” while a lot for the” 21st”: #teacher21, #21stcenturyskills, #21stCTeaching, etc. Finally, my Amazon search resulted in yet the same outcome: no books with titles containing “20th century” while quite a few on the 21st century teaching and learning. Obviously, teaching in the 21 century is altogether different phenomenon; never before learning could be happening the way it is now – everywhere, all the time, on any possible topic, supporting any possible learning style or preference. But what does being a 21st century teacher really mean?

Below are 15 characteristics of a 21st century teacher:

1. Learner-Centered Classroom and Personalized Instructions

As students have access to any information possible, there certainly is no need to “spoon-feed” the knowledge or teach “one-size fits all” content. As students have different personalities, goals, and needs, offering personalized instructions is not just possible but also desirable. When students are allowed to make their own choices, they own their learning, increase intrinsic motivation, and put in more effort – an ideal recipe for better learning outcomes! Here is one of my older posts on personalized learning called “What Can I Give My Students That They Cannon Find on Their Own?

2. Students as Producers

Today’s students have the latest and greatest tools, yet, the usage in many cases barely goes beyond communicating with family & friends via chat, text, or calls. Even though students are now viewed as digital natives, many are far from producing any digital content. While they do own expensive devices with capabilities to produce blogs, infographics, books, how-to videos, and tutorials, just to name a few, in many classes, they are still asked to turn those devices off and work with handouts and worksheets. Sadly, often times these papers are simply thrown away once graded. Many students don’t even want to take them, leave alone keep or return to them later. When given a chance, students can produce beautiful and creative blogs, movies, or digital stories that they feel proud of and share with others.

3. Learn New Technologies

In order to be able to offer students choices, having one’s own hands-on experience and expertise will be useful. Since technology keeps developing, learning a tool once and for all is not a option. The good news is that new technologies are new for the novice and and experienced teachers alike, so everyone can jump in at any time! Another good news is that even short-term subscription to lynda.com may turn any person into a tech savvy teacher!

4. Go Global

Today’s tools make it possible to learn about other countries and people first hand. Of course, textbooks are still sufficient, yet, there is nothing like learning languages, cultures, and communication skills from actually talking to people from other parts of the world.

It’s a shame that with all the tools available, we still learn about other cultures, people, and events from the media. Teaching students how to use the tools in their hands to “visit” any corner of this planet will hopefully make us more knowledgable and sympathetic.

5. Be Smart – Use Smart Phones1

Once again – when students are encouraged to view their devices as valuable tools that support knowledge (rather than destructions), they start using them as such. I remember my first years of teaching when I would not allow cell phones in class, instead, I’d try to explain every new vocabulary word or answer any question  myself – something I would not even think of doing today! I have learned that different students have different needs when it comes to help with new vocabulary or questions; therefore, there is no need to waste time and explain something that perhaps only one or two students would benefit from. Instead, teaching students to be independent and know how to find answers they need makes the class a different environment! I have seen positive changes ever since I started viewing students’  devices as useful aid. In fact, sometimes I even respond by saying “I don’t know – Google and tell us all!” What a difference in their reactions and outcomes!

6. Blog

I have already written on both student and teacher blogging. Even my beginners of English could see the value of writing for real audience and establishing their digital presence. To blog or not to blog should not be a question any more!

7. Go Digital

Another important attribute is to go paperless – organizing teaching resources and activities on one’s own website and integrating technology bring students learning experience to a different level. Sharing links and offering digital discussions as opposed to constant paper flow allows students access and share class resources in a more organized fashion.

8. Collaborate

Technology allows collaboration between teachers, students, and teachers & students. Creating digital resources, presentations, and projects together with other educators and students will make classroom activities resemble the real world. Collaboration should go beyond sharing documents via e-mail or creating power point presentations. Many great ideas never go beyond a conversation or paper copy, which is a great loss! Collaboration globally can change our entire experience!

9. Use Twitter Chat

Participating in Twitter chat is the cheapest and most efficient way to organize one’s own PD, share research and ideas, and stay current with issues and updates in the field. We can grow professionally and expand our knowledge as there is a great conversation happening every day, and going to conferences is no longer the only way to meet others and build PLNs.

Educational Hashtags

10. Connect

Connect with like-minded individuals. Again, today’s tools allow us to connect anyone, anywhere, anytime. Have a question for an expert or colleague? Simply connect via social media, follow, join, ask, or tell!

11. PBL

As today’s students have an access to authentic resources on the web, experts anywhere in the world, and peers learning the same subject somewhere else, teaching with textbooks is very “20th century” (when the previously listed option were not available). Today’s students should develop their own driving questions, conduct their research, contact experts, and create final projects to share all using devices already in their hands. All they need from their teacher is guidance!

12. Build Your Positive Digital Footprint

It might sound obvious, but it is for today’s teachers to model how to appropriately use social media, how to produce and publish valuable content, and how to create sharable resources. Even though it’s true that teachers are people, and they want to use social media and post their pictures and thoughts, we cannot ask our students not to do inappropriate things online if we ourselves do it. Maintaining professional behavior both in class and online will help build positive digital footprint and model appropriate actions for students.

13. Code.

While this one might sound complicated, coding is nothing but today’s literacy. As a pencil or pen were “the tools” of the 2oth century, making it impossible to picture a teacher not capable to operate with it, today’s teacher must be able to operate with today’s pen and pencil, i.e., computers. Coding is very interesting to learn – the feeling of writing a page with HTML is amazing! Even though I have ways to go, just like in every other field, a step at a time (a day?) can take one long ways. Again, lynda.com is a great resource to start with!

14. Innovate

I invite you to expand you teaching toolbox and try new ways you have not tried before, such as teaching with social media or replacing textbooks with web resources. Not for the sake of tools but for the sake of students! Ever since I started using TED talks and my own activities based on those videos, my students have been giving a very different feedback. They love it! They love using Facebook for class discussions and announcements. They appreciate novelty – not the new tools, but the new, more productive and interesting ways of using them.

15. Keep Learning

As new ways and new technology keep emerging, keeping learning is essential. It’s a new way of being, therefore, we have to adapt! The good news is that it’s fun, and even 20 min a day will take you a long way!

15 Characteristics of a 21st century teacher_20150604074912

How flipped learning works in (and out of) the classroom

Flipped learning is more than just having students do homework during the school day. It’s more than just putting the onus on students to teach themselves. In fact, it’s neither of those things. Don’t be fooled by simple explanations of flipped classrooms that simplify a highly complex undertaking.

Flipped learning is a hot trend in most stages of education right now – and for good reason. It’s a way to really shake up the typical classroom and incorporate education technology in a positive way. The graphic below from Circulus dives into the benefits of flipping your classroom, homework, and learning in general.

See Also: 10 barriers to creating flipped classroom video content … and how to overcome them

Since some teachers are already incorporating the flipped model but many others are still unsure about the specifics, it might be a good time to research the basics. Educause has a fabulous walkthrough that includes the following definition:

The flipped classroom is a pedagogical model in which the typical lecture and homework elements of a course are reversed. Short video lectures are viewed by students at home before the class session, while in-class time is devoted to exercises, projects, or discussions.

The PDF (linked above) walks through the pros and cons of flipping so be sure to review it prior to getting started on your journey. Just my little bit of advice.

FLIPPED LEARNING ENABLES:

  • Student access to tools and technologies
  • Student engagement in rigorous content
  • Student immersion in diverse learning
  • Student collaboration with peers
  • Support for the learning process
  • Student access to immediate expert feedback

FLIPPED LEARNING IN THE CLASSROOM:

  • Encourages student understanding
  • Enables differentiation
  • Ensures access to expert support
  • Enables student engagement
  • Creates a supportive learning environment
  • Provides opportunities for collaboration

FLIPPED LEARNING WITH HOMEWORK:

  • Encourages student accountability
  • Encourages purposeful homework
  • Provides a reason for learning content
  • Minimizes distractions
  • Engages and prepares students for learning

flipped learning guide

http://dailygenius.com/how-flipped-learning-works/